On the Grail, in a mystic writing, appeareth each chosen name. (Sore laden his host with suffering, earth knoweth no greater pain.). 'Say, who rideth here with thy husband? From the open hand of the hero; and the queen deemed it right and fair. So it chanced that the queen one noontide in a restless slumber lay. His knightly fame 'gainst the other; Duke Orilus of Lalande. And the queen, her eyes brought her sorrow as she looked on the Angevin, So lovely was he to look on that he needs must an entrance win. To King Arthur and to his lady, and the knights of the Table Round, Bear my greeting, and say in their presence shall I never again be found, Till the day I from shame have freed me; from the shame which. incident of the mother's dream is peculiar to Wolfram. 'Nay, never a woman sent me, with my cousin I came, Gaschier. Upstood they all as one man, and all with one voice they wept. And Titurel once bequeathed it to his son King Frimutel. Then forth brake the tear-drops bright. son.' To serve him as meet in the jousting, and to follow to onslaught brave. Wolfram himself. Book III. is longer and conceived in quite a different spirit. Nor couches nor cushions had they, but they laid them upon the ground, And for bedding the rushes served them—too humble, I ween, such bed. Yet her harness and bridle were costly, with rich work broidered cunningly. the account of this venture, and of the death of Gurzgrei, son of Gurnemanz. If it fell 'neath his shaft, unaided, on his shoulder he bore it home! And they brought King Klamidé wounded to those who might give him aid. Chrêtien, and indeed is only alluded to in an obscure and enigmatical passage as being Then a silk in Acraton woven, they laid on the grassy sward. which Wolfram alludes most frequently we know the Erec and Iwein of Hartmann For foolish he was, and witless, and sin-laden from thence did fare. The knights who had foughten there, So well have they tamed their ardour that the Tourney hath come to naught,'. Who of men was left unaided, Herzeleide the gracious queen. code of manners and customs obtained. (And little I grudge her mourning, for no truer knight e'er drew breath). But aye, while her husband liveth, shall be to him wife as true. Was a firebrand, hell-born, yet I wot well far other the tale I'ld tell. But men know that the spear sharp-pointed doth with fiery venom glow, And upon the wound they lay it, and the frost from his flesh so cold. to account for the choice of a precious stone as the sacred talisman; Birch Hirschfeld Now Gurnemanz of Graharz of this mighty Burg was lord: At his portal a spreading linden stood fair on the summer sward, Nor too long nor too wide was the meadow, and the horse and the road they led. Cf. For three jousts of late had he ridden, and he rode them with heroes twain. ', 'Nay! Then false of heart must I hold him, one who true love might never know! The Grail-knights dost thou rob, and thinkest their friendship thereby to win? And thy kinsman is he, this other who hath brought him into this land; So, lest cursing and shame be thy portion, we pray thee to stay thine hand. If thou wert but a little wiser thou wouldst choose thee some other meat. To the Breton king rode Kondrie, and in French did she speak alway; And tho' I in another language than hers shall the venture tell. 'I did but defend thy city with others that bravely fought; Thou shouldst force me not to withstand thee, here have others done more than I. A maiden fair, for of women I shall better speak I ween. Then he led him in (ill it pleased him) and there met then the royal maid. there came to view. ', Then he quoth, 'Now, where shall my spear be, since I wot well I brought it here? The knight whom he here had vanquished, the Duke of Marangliess. The heart of a spotless maiden that it oft at her knee will sleep. imprisoned in Château Merveil also bears the name of Kondrie (p. 189). of Bagdad and the Emperor of Constantinople, and in all probability Armenia is meant. well for the mother who bare him, she hath won her full heart's desire! If he swallowed not iron as an ostrich, nor his wrath did on stones assuage. are first cousins, and we are meant to understand that Gawain, who, as a lad, had seen Two fair and gracious maidens as e'er man might woo were they. There spake not the mystic question which had loosened his sorrow's chain. Grey was he as mists of morning—Nor o'er rash is the tale, I ween. And the world was too close, and too narrow the width of the spreading plain. And its rider arose, little comfort might he find, though he soft might fall! death are alike unrecorded, but the frequent notices of contemporary And yet he may win to blessing; since I wot well that in his heart, Hell's darkness, and light of Heaven, alike have their lot and part. For eight days long had they ridden, nor yet had the Red Knight found. Logrois is frequently alluded to later on, his murder by Gramoflanz and the desire of his Say, is this thy reward alone? ', And thus on the gallant hero the bitter words he spake. And the servant betray his master; such deeds do but shame thee, Love! Page 263, line 383—'And in Britain, France, and Ireland, etc.' Yet needless their lamentation, for countless they proffered there. That 'neath shield thou the hours hadst counted that in worthy strife might flee; With helmet on head hadst mingled in knightly venture bold. This 16-book, 25,000-line poem is in part a religious allegory describing Parzival’s painful journey from utter ignorance and naïveté to spiritual In the Introduction the poet speaks of the honour in which he holds all Then straight thro' the host encamped there rode the gallant knight Gawain. herself fully repaid. But farewell did he bid to the maiden; and he followed the woodland way, And fresh were the tracks before him, but such pathway the mule must choose. But a singer of strange adventures, and of knightly prowess high: Stripped bare will I be of all honour, naked and reft of fame. Thou hast told me of o'er-much sorrow; if thy grief I may lift from thee, From the load of so sore a burden I gladly will set thee free!'. Ah! Two men have been born of maidens, and God hath the likeness ta'en. Here one jousted, and there another; and the armies they made their way. The squire swiftly turned his bridle and back to the camp he hied. (Since his daughter Friedebrand wedded) that I lend to the king mine aid. Then out quoth the old man's daughter, 'Nay, father, but speak not so. Undoubtedly this wood was And the fruit of all manly virtue his life as its decking knew, And gallant and wise was the hero, and his faith as a goodly tree. abuses connected with these meetings, which not unfrequently lapsed into serious warfare, Parzival one of those at whose hands 'the Kingdom of Heaven Appendix. to the original form of the story. And the Landgrave, while I bethink me the word that shall 'seem me best. A covering of richest sable over foot and knee was thrown, (For the heat she aside hath cast it, whom her lord had thus left alone). Quoth the grey-haired knight, 'Dost thou mean Him who was once of a Maiden born? hero himself guesses his name; nor do the special terms of endearment, evidently quoted The crown of all earthly wishes, fair fulness that ne'er shall fail! Was robed in far other fashion on the carpet 'fore Kanvoleis! The falconers took his garments, for this, so the tale I've heard. ', Then he quoth, 'Nay, gentle lady, at thy portals a man doth stand. knighthood. Far liefer were I to pardon the wrong thou hast done to me. And the heroes, the sons of his body, and further the story ran. They should on no conflict venture, but faithful still keep their troth, As they sware unto him, their monarch, and fight but as he thereto, Should give them leave—He spake thus, 'Now, 'tis well! ', 'When he died, Frimutel, our father, they chose them his eldest son. With gold is it fair to look on, and rich is the tomb alway; And many a costly jewel doth gleam where he lies at rest. story represents the earliest attainable form of the story.—[A. N.]. Then she kissed, e'en as Gamuret prayed her, these princes of noble line. with which it abounds, there being scarcely a character, however insignificant the rôle That thou henceforth mayst know it—Pure heart and upright mind. And Jeschuté of Karnant bare her with courteous and comely mien. Probably 'Mont Sauvage,' in allusion to its wild And Assagog is one kingdom, Zassamank shall the other be. considerable difference of opinion as to the best method of Ere ever the day had dawnèd—Scherules one door would ward. To the court of the Breton Monarch: for on this was King Arthur bent. From Titurel we learn that Gurzgrei and And they gave him guides for his journey, and food lest he ill should fare. And their joy to the goal of sorrow o'er a rough road its way must take. Then out quoth the gallant Gawain, 'That would I of right goodwill. Yea, well is me for my children, tho' sorrow thro' them I win. And I ween that few in battle such raiment shall think to wear. And give counsel as shall beseem thee, and help as thou shalt devise. And many a plate of iron it guarded this gallant knight; In Beàlzenan was it fashioned, chief city of fair Anjou. And the deer sprang up from their thickets, and fled from the dauntless child; But clear-eyed and eager-footed he hastened upon their track. Nor missed he the path till before him the moat of the castle lay; And the drawbridge was raised, and the fortress it lacked not for strength I trow. All this account of[Pg 315] of poet. How Gawain took Meljanz of Cf. Then fair counsels and courteous customs with me from her land I brought; Yea, even to-day doth she help me whom from childhood to man she taught. 1204. Would show him, herself would she tend him, and her hands for his hurts should care. Cf. Too wide is the road, I think me, and that which he chance to hear. Then he spake, 'Is God's power so mighty that He guideth upon their way. 'Let him fight who hath lust for fighting, for weary of strife am I, Tho' I know well who fame in battle doth win, for his victory, Hath reward from the lips of women, yet for never a maiden's sake. But that God apart had held them, and they met not in strife that day. Herzeleide the queen was she. And the Grail hath but wrought me sorrow, and mischance in fair fortune's stead. ', 'Would to God that were true! Of the heroes taking part in the Tourney, Uther Pendragon To a cavern the hermit led him where no breath of wind might blow. And here, had I cause for vengeance, an such happy chance befell. I asked them to tell of their master, and they thought not to hide the thing, But spake of a true heart freely, 'Of Zassamank is he king.'. And like to a bridge her message, that sorrow o'er joy had crossed. and impressiveness which stamp it in the German version; it is in this book, and in the ', If so be thou hast aught against me, but 'tis. And joyful they ate; many kisses from her lord did Jeschuté gain! interesting. And Parzival took unto him a fresh and unbroken spear, And his youth had strength and courage—The beardless lad and fair, Was spurred by his inborn manhood, and to Gamuret's skill was heir—. But he quoth, 'I myself will thine host be, an thou fail not to find the way, Be thy thanks then as is our tendance—As thou ridest around the hill, Have a care lest the wood mislead thee, such mischance would but please me ill.'. ', Quoth Parzival, 'Thou hast been there?' it is written here!'. Here we find an allusion to two Then, alas! Did I hold, and 'gainst thee, his foeman, I did, as beseemed me, bear, For none other armour had I—And if thou repent the ill. Thou hast done to thy guest, me, thy sister, hast thou wronged more deeply still; For this is the right of woman, so ever 'twas told to me. And grant thou a truce thro' the daylight, and the fleeting hours of night, Then bethink thee for shame or honour, and do as shall seem thee right!'. I know not their tale to tell ye, did the valiant Gawain stray; So rode he, the gallant hero, from out of a woodland shade. on one side the great difference, in style and treatment, between the Parzival and Declare unto me his doings, how fares it with Gamuret's son. Since God had willed that his daughter henceforth as his queen he hail! And here had we fought, as fitting, 'neath the eye of the king my lord. Those Templars, nor strength nor cunning brings a traveller thro' their ward. ('If sad be their mien or joyful, my mother she bade me still. An allusion to the Æneid of Such riddle were better left!'. For the sake of the air he loosened his helmet and visor band. Thus courteous he spake one morning (and the knights stood their lord beside), 'Lady, an it so please thee, give me leave that I hence may ride. For ever upon Good Friday a messenger takes her way. 'Nor on earth shall aught be purer than a maiden undefiled. Half their robes were of silk, gold inwoven, half of silk of Nineveh bright. from forest soutaine=solitary; Orilus de Lalande, from Li orgueillous de la Thy mother, of all earth's blossoms the fairest flower, I ween, Tho' a flower that the dew ne'er nourished! Page 162, line 87—'Segramor,' or Saigremors. And a training that ill beseemèd the son of a mighty king. Damsel released from the transforming spell. I have given this in full Bleeding Lance, and the knives of silver; how he told him of the wound Then leave he prayed of his hostess, he would lay him down to rest. Ride here, see his charger lifeless, that lieth the stone below; On the snowdrift behold the splinters of the spear that hath dealt the blow! Red gold, and rich store of silver, and jewels gleaming bright. Since so bravely he stood by Gawain, and sheltered the twain from wrong, And she spake, 'Now art thou my cousin, nor unfaith shall to thee belong.'. Page 190, line 1002—'Twelve spears of Angram.' creation of man was directly connected with the fall of the rebel angels was very widespread, Opposed to this Tourney 'for honour' was the Tourney 'for booty,' when the aim of the So beneath his arm he swung him, and light from his horse did leap. The 'laughing damsel' seems to be Wolfram seemed to have transferred the characteristic from one brother to the Serveth the Grail at Monsalväsch, and from thence, throughout all the land. And Lähelein lifeless left him, on the grass by the water-side, (Prienlaskors, methinks, was his birthplace) and his slayer then led away, His charger, so men knew the evil thus wrought by his hand that day.'. And his mouth was red and glowing—Then his host he drew anigh. to thy youth so sweet. And he came where they sat together, and ate with right friendly will. And he growled as a mighty lion, and the hair of his head he tare. writer or not, Wolfram certainly had before him a French poem other And his pages they ran before him, and each twain they went hand in hand. ', To the palace hall they gat them, where a hundred crowns hung low. ', His food would he make full bitter.—Kay smote him upon the ear. Might speak, as he knew, of bruises he had won him in hard-fought fight. ', But e'en as she named Liassé then sorrow awoke anew. Im Mittelpunkt der Erzählung steht Parzival, der nach verschiedenen Stationen des Scheiterns und Versagens schließlich den leidenden Gralkönig Anfortas durch die Mitleidsfrage erlöst und auf der Gralsburg Munsalvaesche die Herrschaft antritt. Where dwelleth a gentle maiden—One hath smitten her sore for me, And I will on that man have vengeance, an his safety she shall not pray—. (But now did I speak of his coming,) sorrow-laden he rode away, For he saw his host's woe and asked not, 'What aileth thee here, mine host? As a bird that moulteth ever so his honour doth fall away, And hereafter he hath his portion in the fires of Hell for aye.'. Was the costly pfellel woven that for surcoat and coat he ware. p. 95). form. Then each one went to his chamber, and the queen to her knight spake low, 'Now yield thyself to my tending, and a hidden way I'll show!'. Then swift from his place he passed. ceremony. And many a youth they followed to the court of the palace fair. Tintaguel seems to With this lad with the face of an angel, and the speech as of one distraught; Then the prince he spake full gently, 'God keep thee in His good grace. brought against her. Himself laid the oath upon him, and he spake and they hearkened fair; 'If I have worth or valour, as 'seemeth a gallant knight—. trunk of a young tree, as in Book IV. grey was he, yet his face it was as the day! The time of our dear Lord's Passion draweth once more anear. No such adventures are recorded in any Romance that has King Arthur, o'er all thy fellows, thy praises of old stood high. and how Gamuret came to Seville. When Meljanz he made his captive, and the twain they must fall in field. Wrought evil upon the Waleis, and his fame to the earth had bowed. And e'en as the folk upheld her, so she laid to the knight her claim: Then he spake, 'A wife have I Lady, and than life shall she be more dear, Yea, and e'en if I were without her thou another tale shouldst hear, That afar should drive me from thee, if men here shall list my right!'. Wolfram von Eschenbach: Parzival und Titurel. ', Then the lad spake, 'I'll bear thy message, yea, e'en as thou biddest me.'. Small wisdom in this thou showest, 'twere better thou hadst bethought, How thy father is but my vassal, and save of my grace hath naught!'. of a Christian knight marrying a Moorish princess is of frequent occurrence in setting his judges and executioner to seek for the fallen bird, by the irresistible strains of And that stone is both pure and precious—Its name hast thou never heard? Both acknowledge the same A fool was he in false dealing, and a Moor, as myself shall be; And his father's name was Tánkaneis, a king of a kingly heart. Die zweite Auflage bietet unverändert den maßgeblichen Text nach Karl Lachmann und die hoch gelobte Übersetzung von Peter Knecht. is evidently much younger than Gawain, and Gareth was the youngest of King Lot's sons. on the two colours, red and white, and the fact that they are puzzled by, and think it will break in one peril, known only to its maker, and then can be made whole by And the blade, it might well work wonders—Then the host gave it to the knight, And he spake, 'I full oft have borne it in many a deadly fight, Ere God's Hand thus sorely smote me; now with this shalt thou be repaid, If aught hath in care been lacking—Henceforth shalt thou bear this blade, Whatever chance befall thee, and when thou its power hast tried, Thou wilt know thou art fully armèd, whatever strife betide.'. And each, as was fit, had clothed him in raiment both rich and fair. And her eyes on the babe rained tear-drops as soft in her arms it lay. 'Ah me! ''Twere fitting to wait for thy leader, an thou lusted for fame to fight. Then e'en as he sat thus musing came a squire who a sword did bear. But peace had the foeman sealèd, and the land was from strife released; (Nor this song I myself have woven, but so was it told to me). Both cunning and skill have I, And tho' I were loath to vaunt me, yet I ne'er to this life did fly, For fear, as beseems a maiden! In these days when we look on falsehood their honour and fair renown. scarcely inferior to that of the hero, Parzival. For straight stepped within the doorway an old and grey-haired knight. And the host, he led the hero to his wife, and courteously. And free was his hand and knightly, and he dealt right courteously. Here Gamuret heard her prayer. Well I know that he would desire it, and if he thy word obey, Then he honoureth thee, and the Red Knight shall win praise at his hand to-day.'. For he chose him a gallant ending in the turmoil and stress of strife). At the head of a gallant army; 'twas a fair and knightly band. ', And the lady she quoth in answer, 'I believe thee, Sir Knight, alway! (In his head did they find the splinters), yet the hero still held the rein. And on either foot the stirrups with golden bells rang true. different hands. This name is also given in Chrêtien; he is alluded Peredur: Welsh tale found in the Red Book of Hergest. The whole of his father's heirdom—And the younger sons must grieve. For the Anchor cometh!' reproached him for his silence. And if God shall in truth be faithful, He withholdeth not here the fruit. And each on their naked body wore a garment of horse-hair grey. And the day had grown to high morning—And the folk who the joust might see. So rode she unto the circle, and her coming did sorrow bring. before the end of the Gawain episode, and that those who maintain that Wolfram had no Book IX. Now release me, thou hero dauntless, from forgiveness of her, my wife; Whatever shall be for thine honour, by that will I buy my life. Had bid him thus smite the maiden; and her friends mourned her bitterly. Were it better that I should seek him? Narrow and poor the trappings that lay on that charger's back. A war-horse was one, well harnessed, but unshod was, I ween, the mare. yet shame for a wavering mind, I think me is right and manly—With such fetters her love did bind. The point of the allusion evidently is that they fought for ', 'In sooth, will I do thy bidding,' quoth the Waleis, 'both there and here!'. 'For the knightly deeds ye vaunt of, and the glory and pride of war. Was the God of his mother's lesson, and he knelt him again to pray. And many small golden dragons on surcoat and robe he bare. Then the speech to the end they hearkened; and Liddamus spake this word. If my presence doth shame thine honour, then from hence will I swiftly flee.'. And with one blow, for twain repaid him—the one that erst for his sake. It tells the story of the juvenile fool Parzival who, having grown up in the seclusion of the forest, is ignorant of the world and causes much grief as he ventures out to become a knight. Yea, even the twain Isoldé, tho' men praise them evermore. One whose roughness and ways discourteous Love's payment have sought in vain. The gods they had sent to my keeping a valiant and worthy friend. Came near with sweet words of comfort—what would ye they should do more? And Karnachkarnanz did they call him (he was Ulterleg's count I ween). it has been derived from la pucele a la gonne vaire (the maiden with the coloured But afresh doubt vexed his breast. There Gawain saw many a helmet, costly and decked full fair. seem to connect the Grail in Wolfram's version with an Oriental source, cf. teaching of the original Arthurian legend, of which he is the oldest representative. Who were hurt too sore for healing—In the field had they faced the foe, And such shall be their rewarding who in conflict no flight will know—. Schoisianè, her death, and his subsequent adoption of the life of a hermit will be found For so did my wit give counsel—' 'Yea, so hast thou won the field, Those sweet weapons two hosts have vanquished!' Then, courteous, make confession that near of kin are we; True cousin am I, no bastard, and e'en if such chance had been.

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