Furtwängler conducted a performance of his Symphony in C major at the Salzburg Festival with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra in the summer of 1949, just after the composer's death. 1,693 words. He viewed control over the stage direction to be his particular domain, and this view was to cause him particular difficulty for the rest of his career. "Busoni," Pfitzner complained, "places all his hopes for Western music in the future and understands the present and past as a faltering beginning, as the preparation. The attempts which Pfitzner made on behalf of Cossman might have caused Gestapo chief Reinhard Heydrich, incidentally the son of the heldentenor who premiered Pfitzner's first opera, to investigate him. He incurred extra wrath from the Nazis by refusing to obey the regime's request to provide incidental music to Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream that could be used in place of the famous setting by Felix Mendelssohn, unacceptable to the Nazis because of his Jewish origin. Der Theatermaler VIII. Komponist - Dirigent - Regisseur - Schriftsteller, (Angaben zu Tonträgern erheben keinerlei Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit und Lieferbarkeit), Vom musikalischen Drama, München/Leipzig 1915, Die neue Ästhetik der musikalischen Impotenz, München 1920, Über musikalische Inspiration, Berlin 1940, Gesammelte Schriften, Band I (Augsburg 1926) I. Bühnen-Tradition 1. Pfitzner war der Sohn eines Orchestergeigers erhielt schon fr h von seinem Vater Musikunterricht. From the mid-1920s, Pfitzner's music increasingly fell in the shadow of Richard Strauss. 6 für hohen Bariton und Klavier, Fünf Lieder op. She concluded that, although the composer was not exclusively pro-Nazi nor purely the antisemitic chauvinist often associated with his image, he engaged with Nazi powers who he thought would promote his music and became embittered when the Nazis found the "elitist old master's often morose music" to be "little propaganda-worthy. Romantisches 1. Mai 1869 in Moskau; 22. For example, he recommended the performance of Marschner's opera Der Templer und die Jüdin based on Scott's Ivanhoe, protected his Jewish pupil Felix Wolfes of Cologne, along with conductor Furtwängler aided the young conductor Hans Schwieger, who had a Jewish wife, and maintained his friendship with Bruno Walter and especially his childhood journalist friend Paul Cossman, a "self-loathing" non-practicing Jew who was incarcerated in 1933. In the early thirties he often accompanied famed contralto Ottilie Metzger-Lattermann, later murdered in Auschwitz, in recitals and had dedicated his four songs, Op. Pfitzner had managed to gain a stable conducting contract from the Munich opera in 1928, but ran into demeaning treatment from chief conductor Hans Knappertsbusch and from the opera house's intendant, a man named Franckenstein. [citation needed], Pfitzner dedicated his Violin Concerto in B minor, Op. Pfitzner's music—including pieces in all the major genres except the symphonic poem—was respected by contemporaries such as Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss, although neither man cared much for Pfitzner's innately acerbic manner (and Alma Mahler repaid his adoration with contempt, despite her agreement with his intuitive musical idealism, a fact evident in her letters to the wife of Alban Berg). 15 für Singstimme und Klavier, Ouvertüre und Ausschnitte BERLIN classics CD 90262BC, Zwei Lieder op. Hans Pfitzner Palestrina Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, conducted by Rafael Kubelík Deutsche Grammophon, 1989. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Künstlerisch brachten diese Jahre weitere wichtige Werke, so die 1933 uraufgeführte Sinfonie cis-moll op. Mai 1869 in Moskau; † 22. Pfitzner was born in Moscow where his father played cello in a theater orchestra. Zum Gedächtnis Heinrich Kiefers Anhang: 6 Sonette, Gesammelte Schriften, Band III: Werk und Wiedergabe (Augsburg 1929) Vorwort Begriffsbestimmung der Wiedergabe I. Sein Name ist seit Jahren der deutschen Oeffentlichkeit geläufig. Pfitzner's works combine Romantic and Late Romantic elements with extended thematic development, atmospheric music drama, and the intimacy of chamber music. There, in 1949, he died. Pfitzner, unaware of this comment, believed Hitler to be sympathetic to him. Mai 1869 in Moskau geboren. Familie zog 1872 nach Frankfurt am Main um. Pfitzner was forced to prove that he had, in fact, totally Gentile ancestry. 21 für hohe Singstimme und Klavier, Fünf Lieder op. Dagegen hofierte ihn der Generalgouverneur von Polen, →Hans Frank (1900–46), mit dem P. seit Mitte der 30er Jahre persönlich bekannt war. For other people, see, Kay Dreyfus, Alma Moodie and the Landscape of Giftedness, 2002, "Warum ein Linker die Musik der Nazi-Zeit dirigert", UbuWeb:A New Musical Reality": Futurism, Modernism, and "The Art of Noises", International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hans_Pfitzner&oldid=982925524, Members of the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Recipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class), Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, James Grun (1868-1928) after Hartmann von Aue, Romantic Opera with a Prelude, two acts, and postlude, Duo for Violin, Cello, and small Orchestra, Sonata in F-sharp minor (Cello and piano), for clarinet, violin, viola, cello, contrabass, and piano, ballade for women's chorus, alto & orchestra (after Ferdinand Freiligrath), for four soloists, mixed choir, orchestra & organ, choral fantasy with soprano, baritone, orchestra & organ. 7 für Singstimme und Klavier, Fünf Lieder op. This became a conservative rebellion against all modernist conformity. Hans Pfitzner wurde am 5. von Hans Rectanus), Konzert für Violoncello und Orchester a-Moll (hg. But he soon fell out with chief Nazis, who were alienated by his long musical association with the Jewish conductor Bruno Walter. Mai 1869 in Moskau geboren, wo sein Vater Geiger an der Oper war. Informationen zu Leben und Werk von Hans Pfitzner (1869-1949) As early as 1923, Pfitzner and Hitler met. Richard von Volkmann, Hermann Lingg, Aldof Böttger, Alexander Kaufmann, anon. gemischten Chor oder 3-stg. But what if it were otherwise? 42, Duo für Violine und Violoncello mit Begleitung eines kleinen Orchesters oder des Klaviers op. Klassika finanziert sich ausschließlich über diese Werbebanner und die Weiterleitung an einen Shop. 40 für mittlere Singstimme und Klavier, Drei Sonette op. Pfitzner's work was appreciated by contemporaries including Richard Strauss and Gustav Mahler, who explicitly described Pfitzner's second string quartet of 1902/03 as a masterpiece. 3 für mittlere Singstimme und Klavier, Vier Lieder op. Several of them were recorded during the 1930s by the distinguished baritone Gerhard Hüsch, with the composer at the piano. His complete songs have been recorded on the CPO label. Very early in Hitler's rule, Pfitzner received an injunction from Hans Frank (by this time Justice Minister in Bavaria) and Wilhelm Frick (Interior Minister in Hitler's own cabinet) against traveling to the Salzburg Festival in 1933 to conduct his violin concerto. Still, Pfitzner maintained close contact with virulent antisemites like music critics Walter Abendroth and Victor Junk, and did not scruple to use antisemitic invective (common enough among people of his generation, and not just in Germany) to pursue certain aims. [5] In 2001, Sabine Busch examined the ideological tug-of-war of the composer's involvement with the National Socialists, based in part on previously unavailable material. 30 für Singstimme und Klavier, Konzert für Klavier und Orchester Es-Dur op. More to the point, Heydrich "saved" the opera. 31, Vier Lieder op. 23. Kammermusik und Einzelspiel VII. Leben . Allgemeine Betrachtung 2. [4] He was willing to make exceptions to a general policy of antisemitism. The family returned to his father's native town Frankfurt in 1872, when Pfitzner was two years old, and he always considered Frankfurt his home town. (Fragment)] [Zur Feier des 150jährigen Bestehens der Gewandhauskonzerte] Der Schutz des künstlerischen Schaffens Über den Orchestermusiker Über Kunstpflege und Jugend Die Verpöbelung des Lebens in Geräuschen Aphorismen 81 deutsche volkstümliche Sprachausdrücke in Reim und Stabreim B. We find both, that is, none, and all attempts at classification falter.[14]. 24 für Singstimme und Klavier, Zwei deutsche Gesänge op. Hans Pfitzner’s Palestrina is one of the unsung masterpieces of twentieth-century opera. Hans Pfitzner wird in eine Generation von Zeitgenossen hineingeboren, die sich mit den politischen, sozialen und künstlerischen Umbrüchen des beginnenden 20. [citation needed]. 27, die eine nach Abschluss seiner Studien am Hoch’schen Konservatorium in Frankfurt am Main 1890, die andere zum Abschluss seiner Straßburger Zeit 1918. 24, to Jewish critic and Jewish cultural society founder Arthur Eloesser in 1909. Ludwig Jacobowski, Adolf Bartels, Ricarda Huch, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 06:13. Die Familie zog 1872 nach Frankfurt am Main um. The work has all the elements of immortality". 27, die eine nach Abschluss seiner Studien am Hoch’schen Konservatorium in Frankfurt am Main 1890, die andere zum Abschluss seiner Straßburger Zeit 1918. Zur Uraufführung der romantischen Kantate am 27. Weltkrieg Antwort auf Thomas Manns Anrempelung vom 30. Although Pfitzner's music betrays Wagnerian influences, the composer was not attracted to Bayreuth, and was personally despised by Cosima Wagner, in part because Pfitzner sought notice and recognition from such "anti-Wagnerian" composers as Max Bruch and Johannes Brahms. 34 (1923) to the Australian violinist Alma Moodie. At that time, the Pfitzner concerto was considered the most important addition to the violin concerto repertoire since the first concerto of Max Bruch (1866), although it is not played by most violinists these days. 52, Drei Gesänge op. Hans Erich Pfitzner (* 5. Die Künstler III. Bereits mit elf Jahren komponierte kleine Hans seine ersten Werke 1884 entstanden die ersten berlieferten Lieder. In 1894 he was appointed conductor at the Staatstheater Mainz where he worked for a few months. Hans Pfitzner : Leben, Werke, Dokumente. 外部リンク. Januar [1922] "Von deutscher Seele", eine romantische Kantate "Das Herz" Die Entstehung der "Herz"-Dichtung [Zur Metronomisierung des "Herz"] [Vorwort zum Duo für Violine und Violoncello mit Begleitung eines kleinen Orchesters op.43] [Sechs Jugendlieder (ohne op.) Johann Peter Vogel: Hans Pfitzner – Leben, Werke, Dokumente. 25 für Bariton und Orchester (Männerchor ad. Der Boykott meiner Werke am Münchner Hoftheater [Offener Brief über "Palestrina" in Bayreuth] [Offener Brief in Sachen "Werk und Wiedergabe"] Scherings Beethoven-Deutung Denkschrift bei Gelegenheit meiner Spielleitung des "Herz" auf Einladung der General-Intendanz der Berliner Staatstheater Offener Brief an den Herausgeber der Zeitschrift "Völkische Kultur" in Dresden, Dr. Wolfgang Nufer Was ist musikalische Inspiration? 1886 - 90 studierte Pfitzner am Hochschen Konservatorium in Frankfurt Komposition bei Iwan Knorr Klavier bei James Kwast. Tensions with Mann, however, developed and the two severed relations by 1926. Hitler did most of the talking, but Pfitzner dared to contradict him regarding the homosexual and antisemitic thinker Otto Weininger, causing Hitler to leave in a huff. Columbia University musicologist Walter Frisch has described Pfitzner as a "regressive modernist." Marschner's Vampyr 6. 36a (nach dem Streichquartett cis-Moll op. The works betray a late pious inspiration and although they take on a late Romantic qualities, they show others associated with the brooding unwieldiness of a modern idiom. Im Leben des Komponisten Hans Pfitzner spielen zwei rheinland-pfälzische Städte eine nicht unwesentliche Rolle. [13] Composer Wolfgang Rihm commented on the increasing popularity of Pfitzner's work in 1981: Pfitzner is too progressive, not simply, the way Korngold can be taken to be; he is also too conservative, if that means to be influenced by someone like Schoenberg. He received early instruction in violin from his father, and his earliest compositions were composed at age 11. 55. The themes are clearly formed, which makes it easy to follow...[10]. Nor was Hitler the first person to suppose this. für eine hohe Singstimme (Sopran)] Vorbemerkung Meine Liedertexte. [8] Particularly notable are Pfitzner's numerous and delicate lieder, influenced by Hugo Wolf, yet with their own rather melancholy charm. 29 für Singstimme und Klavier, Vier Lieder op. German critic Hans Heinz Stuckenschmidt, writing in 1969, viewed Pfitzner's music with extreme ambivalence: initiated with sharp dissonances and hard linear counterpoint determined to be taken as (and criticized for being) modernist. 4 für mittlere Singstimme und Klavier, Sechs Lieder op. Hans Pfitzner wurde am 5. Mai 1869 in Moskau; † 22. The work is based on a legend surrounding the Renaissance composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, according to which his composition of the … Die Künste II. Juni 1947 Brief an Bruno Walter, 5.10.1946 C. Humoristika Die Folgen vom Bier, oder Lehm und Buran Café Lohengrin Das neue Jahr 1920 kommt zu den Deutschen Drei Parodien: Der Widerspenstigen Zähmung Lohengrin - Als Kurzoper bearbeitet von Paralyticus Schöpfrich An meine lieben Münchner Philharmoniker Schön-Rotkraut Offener Brief [über "Herr Oluf" op.12] [Das Vorspiel zum Drama "Die Rose vom Liebesgarten". Von 1886 bis 1890 studierte Hans Pfitzner Klavier und Komposition, ohne besondere Aufmerksamkeit zu erregen. von Hans Rectanus), Streichquartett d-Moll (hg. On the day before he died in February 1962, Walter dictated his last letter, which ended "Despite all the dark experiences of today I am still confident that Palestrina will remain. Hans Pfitzner 1 Hans Pfitzner Hans Pfitzner, 1905 Hans Erich Pfitzner (* 5.

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